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2019年四川成人高考高起點《英語》高頻詞匯(4)

四川成人高考網 發布時間:2019-03-27 14:50:44

  一、“every”(每一個)只作為定語使用,即必須在其后加上單數可數名詞構成名詞短語,它不可與everyone(每一個)混淆。 everyone相當于名詞,它不可修飾其他名詞,只作主語或賓語


  1) Every [A] knows that hospitals are institutions where the sick are treated, but how many [B] realize that they were once [C] homes for the indigent the friendless [D] ?


  2) Everyone [A] child in the United States must [B] receive [C] some form of educational instruction [D] .


  例題解析


  1) A錯。every不可單獨充當句子成分,應在其后加上person或改為everyone.


  2) A錯。改為Every,修飾child.


  二、“much”和“many”分別修飾不可數名詞和可數名詞,可作為代詞(如much of)和形容詞使用


  3) Food seasoning plays an important [A] role in the cooking [B] customs of much [C] cultures in [D] the world.


  4) The general sales tax has been [A] a major source of income for state governments, much [B] of which derive more than half [C] of their budgets from [D] it.


  5) Data received from [A] two spacecraft indicate that there is many evidence [B] that huge thunderstorms are now occurring [C] around the equator [D] of the planet Saturn.


  例題解析


  3) C錯。應改為of many,因為被修飾詞cultures為可數名詞,故其修飾語應用many,而much要修飾不可數名詞。


  4) B錯。應改用many,因此處所指代的是可數名詞governments(復數),many在本句中為代詞,作非限定性定語從句的主語。


  5) B錯。應改為much evidence,因為evidence(證據,跡象)為不可數名詞,故應用much來修飾。


  三、 “some”和“any”是表示不定數量的代詞,相當于漢語的“一些”,作定語可修飾可數名詞復數或不可數名詞,其中some(包括它的合成詞 something,someone, somebody)多用于肯定句,而any(包括它的合成詞anything, anyone, anybody)則用于疑問句和否定句中,其中any在否定句中相當于漢語中的“任何”;形容詞修飾something, someone, somebody, anything, anyone, anybody, nothing, nobody時,形容詞要放在這些詞的后邊


  6) Historians [A] have never reached some general [B] agreement about [C] the precise causes of the [D] Civil War in the United States.


  例題解析


  6) B錯。應為any general,因為本句為否定句(否定副詞never),應該用any,此處表示“(沒有達成過) 任何共識”。


  四、“another”和“other”分別表示“另外的一個”(an+other)和“另外的”“其余的”意思,可以用作定語修飾名詞或單獨作主語與賓語,其中前者只用來修飾或指代單數可數名詞,后者修飾單復數名詞和不可數名詞,二者不能相互混淆


  7) Lizards lack [A] the built?in body temperature control [B] many another [C] creatures possess [D] .


  8) Some bacterium are extremely [A] harmful, but anothers [B] are regularly [C] used in producing cheeses, crackers, many other foods [D] .


  9) Like [A] most another [B] art forms, the Greek tragedy had [C] its origins in religious [D] observances.


  例題解析


  7) C錯。應改用other來修飾可數復數名詞creatures.本句是一個省略了關系代詞that(或which)的定語從句,control為名詞作主句中及物動詞(謂語)lack的賓語,同時又受其后面定語從句的修飾。


  8) B錯。 改為others.


  9) B錯。 改為other.


  五、one與other “one”作為代詞代替前面提到的人或物,它前邊加the; “other”作代詞修飾復數名詞。 “one…another”表示“一個…另一個”的意思,或表示多個(三者以上)之中的“另一個”,“又一個”; “one…the other”表示兩者之中剩下的“另一個,又一個”


  10) I‘d like to [A] buy a coat similar [B] to one [C] you are wearing [D] .


  11) Though [A] Art Tatum was totally blind in one eye had only slight [B] vision in another [C] , he became [D] an internationally renowned jazz musician.


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